For food industry, the production of functional pasta from non-conventional raw materials represents a challenge. This study aims to evaluate the potential of animal proteins of freeze-dried whey as a component for pasta production and its effect on the pasta qualities and consumer acceptance. Sweet whey was freeze-dried, then directly incorporated to pasta at a 20% level. Two pasta types (pasta non-enriched vs. enriched with whey powder) were manufactured following a small-scale pilot procedure, and then evaluated for their physicochemical and sensory qualities. Results of all analyses (whey, semolina and pasta) met the standards according to international legislation; however, the characteristics of enriched pasta differed. Whey addition significantly increased ash, proteins content, optimal cooking time and water uptake (P < 0.05); it significantly decreased moisture levels, colour parameters (CIE system: a* redness, b* yellowness) and the swelling index (P < 0.05). Sensory analysis revealed that overall sensory and product quality of enriched pasta was not affected by whey fortification and it was found acceptable by panelists. This study points out that whey powder could be used for the functional pasta production to increase proteins levels.
pasta fortification, whey, freeze drying, consumer acceptance, dairy by-product
Boudalia, S., Gueroui, Y., Boumaza, B., Bousbia, A., Benada, M., Leksir, C., Mezroua, E.Y., Zemmouchi, K.R., Saoud, A., Chemmam, M. (2020): Evaluation of Physicochemical Properties and Sensory Qualities of Pasta Enriched with Freeze-dried Sweet Whey. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica, 51, 75-85. DOI: 10.2478/sab-2020-0010