The objective of this study was to determine the effects of geraniol and camphene at three dosages (300, 600, and 900 mg l–1) on rumen microbial fermentation and methane emission in in vitro batch culture of rumen fluid supplied with a 60 : 40 forage : concentrate substrate (16.2% crude protein, 33.1% neutral detergent fibre). The ionophore antibiotic monensin (8 mg/l) was used as positive control. Compared to control, geraniol significantly (P < 0.05) reduced methane production with increasing doses, with reductions by 10.2, 66.9, and 97.9%. However, total volatile fatty acids (VFA) production in vitro dry matter digestibility were also reduced (P < 0.05) by all doses of geraniol. Camphene demonstrated weak and unpromising effects on rumen fermentation. Camphene did not decrease (P > 0.05) methane production and slightly decreased (P < 0.05) VFA production. Due to the strong antimethanogenic effect of geraniol a careful selection of dose and combination with other antimethanogenic compounds may be effective in mitigating methane emission from ruminants. However, if a reduction in total VFA production and dry matter digestibility persisted in vivo, geraniol would have a negative effect on animal productivity.
essential oil, monoterpene, methanogenesis, volatile fatty acids
Joch, M., Kudrna, V., Hučko, B., Marounek, M. (2017): Effects of geraniol and camphene on in vitro rumen fermentation and methane production. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica, 48, 63-69. doi: 10.1515/sab-2017-0012