Susceptibility of Postharvest Pathogens to Essential Oils

Antimicrobial volatile substances from plants represent alternatives to synthetic pesticides and food preservatives. In this study, the compositions of some essential oils were determined by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry, and the inhibitory properties of the essential oils and their components against the bacterial postharvest pathogens Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (CCM 1008), Pseudomonas syringae (CCM 7018), Xanthomonas campestris (CCM 22) were determined by the microdilution method. Essential oils from oregano, cinnamon, lemongrass, lavender, clove, rosemary, tea tree, eucalyptus, garlic, and ginger and their components cinnamaldehyde, eugenol, thymol, and carvacrol were used in the tests. The essential oil components exhibited strong antibacterial activity against all tested bacteria. The oregano and cinnamon essential oils were most effective. The rosemary, lavender, tea tree, eucalyptus, garlic, and ginger oils were not effective at the tested concentrations. In conclusion, certain essential oils, particularly their components, are highly effective and could be used for the control of postharvest bacterial pathogens.breeding, hybrid, digestibility, multivariate method

essential oils, plant pathogens, antibacterial, Pectobacterium, Pseudomonas, Xanthomonas

Božik, M., Nový, P., Klouček, P. (2017): Susceptibility of Postharvest Pathogens to Essential Oils. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica, 48, 103-111. doi: 10.1515/sab-2017-0017

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